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Experimental analysis of the humidification of air in bubble columns for thermal water treatment systems

  • The humidification-dehumidification process (HDH) for desalination is a promising technology to address water scarcity issues in rural regions. However, a low humidifier efficiency is a weakness of the process. Bubble column humidifiers (BCH) are promising for HDH, as they provide enhanced heat and mass transfer and have low maintenance requirements. Previous studies of HDH-systems with BCHs draw different conclusions regarding the impact of superficial air velocity and liquid height on the humidification. Furthermore, the impact of flow characteristics has never been investigated systematically at all. In this study, an optimized BCH test setup that allows for optical analysis of the humidifier is used and evaluated. Our test setup is validated, since the influence of water temperature on the humidification, which is exponential, is reproduced. Measurements with seawater show that the normalised system productivity is increased by about 56 % with an increase in superficial air velocity from 0.5 to 5 cm/s. Furthermore, the system productivity is increased by around 29 % with an increase in liquid height from 60 to 378 mm. While the impact of superficial air velocity can be traced back to temperature changes at the humidifier and dehumidifier outlets, the impact of liquid height is shown to be caused by a smaller heat loss surface in the humidifier with an increase in liquid height. For the impact of sieve plate orifice diameter, a clear influence on the humidification is not apparent, this parameter needs to be investigated further. Finally, our new test setup allows for analysing the humidification of air (1) in a systematic way, (2) in relevant measurement ranges and (3) in comparison with optical analyses of the flow characteristics.

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Metadaten
Author:Elias Eder, Markus Preißinger
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2020.110063
Parent Title (English):Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of publication:2020
Release Date:2020/06/16
Tag:Air humidification; Bubble column humidifier; Desalination; Humidification-dehumidification; Water treatment
Volume:o.Jg.
Issue:115
Number og pages:8
Organisationseinheit:Forschung / Forschungszentrum Energie
DDC classes:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau / 624 Ingenieurbau und Umwelttechnik
Open Access?:ja
Peer review:wiss. Beitrag, peer-reviewed
Publicationlist:Preißinger, Markus
Eder, Elias
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - International - Attribution- Namensnennung 4.0